The Johari Window


The Johari Window is a technique design to help you understand yourself and how you're perceived, with the aim of improving relationships (with yourself and others).

It was devised by two psychologists, Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingham, who named it by combining their first names. It has four areas to help you identify what you know about yourself, what other people know about you, and what neither of you know:

  • Open: What you and others openly know about you
  • Blind: Things others have noticed, or know, about you that you don't know
  • Hidden area: What you know about yourself and don't openly share with others
  • Unknown area: Anything unknown to you or others

There are two methods that we often employ, knowingly or unknowingly, that move the boundaries (as shown above):

  • Feedback: e.g. friends telling you of habits or behaviours they have seen that you haven't noticed
  • Disclosure: e.g. telling a close friend something you wouldn't normally tell anyone

If you want to explore this in more detail, or try it out, check out these links!

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